Understanding Anatomy and Physiology 2nd Edition Gale Sloan Thompson

Most of us have one predominant learning style. Visual learners learn best when they can see a figure or an image; auditory learners prefer verbal explanations; kinesthetic learners need to incorporate movement into their learning time. Regardless, everyone can facilitate learning by employing a variety of techniques when studying, no matter their particular learning style.

Unlike any other study guide, the Understanding Anatomy & Physiology study guide is packed with unique activities involving drawing, coloring, and highlighting in addition to more traditional activities such as fill-in-the-blank and crossword puzzles. The drawing, coloring, highlighting, and writing activities give kinesthetic learners a chance to move, something they long to do when learning. Even if you’re not primarily a kinesthetic learner, using your muscles will break up the monotony of studying and, by stimulating different parts of your brain, improve your learning experience. What’s more, the colorful results of your drawing, coloring, and highlighting will provide quick, visual cues regarding important topics when you review.

Understanding Anatomy and Physiology 2nd Edition Gale Sloan Thompson

To make the most of this study guide, you’ll need at least 10 different colored pencils. Colored pencils will allow you to color various shades of each color, making them a better choice than colored pens.  You’ll also need an assortment of colorful highlighters, such as yellow, green, blue, and pink.

The following list summarizes the activities you’ll find in this study guide:

Conceptualize in Color: This activity involves coloring anatomical structures different colors. Kinesthetic learners will benefit from the movement associated with coloring as they focus on the various features of the human body, whereas visual learners will appreciate the visual aspect of coloring. Auditory learners can enhance their learning experience by saying the names of various structures out loud as they color. And, because coloring forces you to slow down and focus on one structure at a time, all learners will benefit.

Drawing Conclusions: Combining drawing or coloring with some other activity, such as fill-in-the-blank sentences, “Drawing Conclusions” will hone your reasoning skills while allowing you to link written words to something visual. The physical activity of drawing improves learning that much more.

Just the Highlights: In this activity, you’ll place sentences describing various structures, physiological processes, or disorders into separate groups by highlighting sentences in distinct colors. For example, in Chapter 5, Integumentary System, a “Just the Highlights” activity contains sentences describing features of first-, second-, and third-degree burns. You’ll be asked to highlight sentences pertaining to first-degree burns in yellow, second-degree burns in orange, and third-degree burns in pink. Once complete, each group will be visually apparent, making reviewing easy.

Illuminate the Truth: A variation of fill-in-the blank, you’ll use a highlighter to identify the correct word or phrase that completes each sentence.

Fill in the Gaps: In this fill-in-the-blank activity, you will write the correct word or phrase to complete each sentence. A Word Bank is provided.

Sequence of Events: This activity will challenge you to place statements about a physiological process—such as the formation of cerebrospinal fluid—in proper sequence by inserting numbers in the blank line before each sentence.

Make a Connection: This two-part activity involves first unscrambling words to reveal the names of certain structures or processes. Once identified, you’ll draw a line from the word to a statement or description, linking the two together. For example, in Chapter 10, Nervous System, you’ll unscramble words to discover the names of nervous system cells. You’ll then draw lines to link the name of a cell to sentences describing characteristics of that type of cell.

List for Learning: This activity will test your recall by asking you to make a list of certain things, such as the five functions of skin.

Puzzle It Out: This traditional crossword puzzle is a fun way to test your knowledge of key terms related to anatomy and physiology.

Describe the Process: Using figures as visual cues, you’ll test your recall of physiological processes by describing the steps in a particular process, such as that of endochondral ossification. Successfully completing this activity will assure you that you have committed the process to memory.

Each activity in this book focuses on a specific topic. That way, if you are struggling in a particular area, you can choose the activities relating to that topic. After completing all the exercises for a chapter, consult the answer guide in the back of the book to check your answers. 

Mastering the topic of anatomy and physiology requires study and repetition. There is no other way to construct the foundation of knowledge upon which you’ll build your future career in health care. The unique activities in the Understanding Anatomy & Physiology study guide will aid you toward that end: They will break up the monotony of studying as you use color and movement to help you commit key facts to memory.


The various elements of the human body are organized in a hierarchy ranging from the very simple to the very complex. Use the spaces below to list the major structures in this hierarchy, beginning with the atom and ending with the human organism.


The human body is made of chemicals. What’s more, life depends upon a precise balance between all those chemicals. So before you can understand how the body functions, you must have a firm grasp on how the chemicals in the body interact. The exercises in this chapter should help you do just that.


Cells may be microscopic, but they are far from simple. In fact, each cell is packed with specialized structures that allow it to perform various tasks crucial to human life. Use this chapter to enhance your understanding of cellular structure and function. Doing so is the key to understanding the inner workings of the body, in both health and disease.


All the trillions of cells of the body can be categorized as belonging to one of four distinct groups of tissue. Remember: Tissues are simply groups of similar cells that perform a common function. Complete the exercises in this chapter to strengthen your knowledge of the four categories of tissue: epithelial, connective, nervous, and muscular. 


The skin—which, together with the hair and nails, forms the integumentary system—is one of the largest organs in the body. Despite its thinness, it consists of multiple layers and many cell types. It also performs many functions crucial for homeostasis and even survival. Use the activities in this chapter to test yourself about this vital body system. 


The bones forming the human skeleton are dynamic living tissue. Besides providing the framework of the body, bones generate blood cells, regulate blood calcium levels, and join with the muscular system to allow us to move. The activities in this chapter should help you refine your knowledge of both the form and function of this vital tissue.


Learning the names of the body’s 206 bones, not to mention their locations and landmarks, can prove challenging. Completing the activities in this chapter, however, should help you do just that. 


Joints, or articulations, are the points where two bones meet. The body contains a number of different articulations, varying in both size and shape. It’s these differences that allow us to perform a wide variety of movements, ranging from walking and running to writing or playing the piano.


The body’s more than 600 skeletal muscles give the body its shape and also allow it to move. Attached to bones, muscles produce movement through their ability to contract. Learning the names of key muscles and understanding the physiology behind movement can prove challenging. The activities in this chapter should help you master this important body system. 


The nervous system oversees and coordinates the activities of all of the body’s systems. It receives millions of signals each day about changes within the body as well as the external environment. It processes that information, decides what actions need to occur, and then sends messages telling the various cells and organs how to respond. The nervous system is as complex as it is fascinating, and mastering its intricacies will require extra study. Doing the activities in this chapter will help.


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